As fossil fuels are moving towards an extinction phase, an array of alternative energy-producing means are being adopted. Wind power, biomass energy, tidal energy, and geothermal energy are some of the commonly used renewable energy sources.

Through this article, we will look at these clean energy sources in depth. You will be able to identify the positives of some of them along with low energy bills and create environmental awareness.

What Are Renewable Energy Sources?

Renewable energy sources basically refer to sustainable energy. These alternative energy technologies cannot run out and are typically endless like the water, sun, or wind. They are referred to as alternative energy sources because of their limitless use in place of traditional fossil fuels such as coal.

These sources create energy that doesn’t contribute to global warming, has a very low carbon footprint, and helps in generating electricity at nominal prices. Some of the most common renewable energy sources have been discussed below! Read on.

Wind Energy

Probably, one of the most popular alternative energy is none other than wind energy. Over the years, it has gained even more precedence owing to the high benefits involved. Wind energy produces no greenhouse gas emissions and has absolutely zero waste.

Renewable EnergyWind farms are gaining immense popularity in the UK, and you will surely be able to spot one on your way to the countryside. They are making a huge contribution to the national grid!

Harnessing electricity from wind power is not a simple task, though. Several turbines have to be put in place to drive generators. These generators feed electricity to the National grid afterwards.

You may be able to find off-grid or domestic generation systems as well. The only catch here is that not all properties will not work well with domestic wind turbines.

The majority of cities in the country have a wind energy setup and/or have some sort of investment in this form of alternative energy. Additionally, there are certain challenges associated with this renewable energy source as well such as windmills block views and can even be dangerous to some wildlife and flora.

Geothermal Energy

Geothermal energy is a type of renewable energy wherein the natural heat which is below the earth’s surface is harnessed. This alternative energy is utilized to heat homes and for electricity generation rather than using fossil fuels.

Even though geothermal power harnesses power just below our feet, this alternative energy is still to achieve focus in the UK. Other countries like Iceland use geothermal energy way more readily

Biomass Energy

There are a number of forms when we talk about biomass energy. We have known the business of burning wood for a long time now! But just imagine the energy we can produce with burning waste from landfills and even alcohol products!

Well, this is what is referred to as biomass energy. The heat generated in the burning of wood is almost equal to that of a central heating system.

The costs incurred while using geothermal power are pretty low. Moreover, the carbon footprint of these types of renewable energy is way less than fossil fuels.

But there are some problems associated with the use of this renewable power. More so, if it is installed in your own house.

The biggest negative in their energy production is the maintenance required. You will also have to request permission from some local authority if you plan to install them to generate energy in your home!

Solar Power

Solar power is one of the largest renewable energy sources ever! Solar cell technology has advanced over the years and is currently used on a large scale to produce electricity.

Many countries have even started various initiatives to elevate the growth of solar energy as green energy! The Feed-in tariff system is one example of the solar power scheme with respect to solar panels’ energy consumption.

The best of these sources of energy is that it is totally renewable, and the reduced energy bills easily cover the cost involved in the installation in comparison to traditional energy sources.

The con of solar power is that it is pretty usual for them to get degraded over a longer period of time. Additionally, this alternative energy source is not very effective during unusual weather conditions.

Nuclear Energy

Nuclear energy is a pretty abundant form of energy source. It has many advantages when we look at the emissions and the efficiency involved during their energy consumption.

As of now, thirteen countries have trusted nuclear sources of energy to generate electricity worth the quarter in the year 2015! As of now, there are 450 power plants in the proper operation around the globe.

The primary risk involved in nuclear energy is that if something were t go wrong in the plant, the world awaits a catastrophe. Just like the time in Fukushima or Chernobyl.

Hydroelectric energy

Renewable Energy SourcesHydroelectric energy is a renewable energy that dates longer than you would have thought! It was active even before the use of fossil fuels.

Post the popularity of coal and petroleum, Hydroelectric energy quickly lost its charm amongst the crowds. Even with these situations, it is a big hit in many countries and industries.

Hydroelectric energy has a series of benefits. It is a very clean source of energy, so you can say goodbye to pollution and all the issues associated with global warming.

This renewable energy has many secondary benefits as well, which make it pretty advantageous. The dams are responsible for creating hydroelectric power, helping in controlling floods, and initiating irrigation techniques.

Tidal Energy

Tidal energy is another renewable energy that is based on hydro energy. It utilizes the twice-daily currents in order to drive the turbine generators.

Unlike other hydro energy sources, tidal flow is not very constant, so it can get highly unpredictable at times. They might even need to be compensated on days when the tide current is pretty low.

Tidal energy is also pretty similar to wind turbines in various cases. Even though it is a new technology, the expansion and impact of this renewable energy are absolutely huge.

As of now, 20% of the energy demands of the United Kingdom can be met by tidal energy itself.

Natural Gas

Natural gas has also been a pretty popular form of renewable energy for many years now! With the progression of compression methods, natural gas is turning into a very viable source of energy.

Natural gas is particularly used in vehicles to reduce the number of carbon emissions.

The global demand for natural gas is also increasing rapidly! On the downside, the chances of contamination of natural gas are way more than another alternative energy source!

Hydrogen Gas

Opposite to popular opinion, Hydrogen gas is a very clean-burning fuel. After the production of this energy, the hydrogen gas gives off only warm air and water vapour during their usage.

One of the main issues with this type of renewable energy is that it is largely derived from the active usage of fossil fuels and natural gas. This could mean that the benefits it provides counteracts the way used to extract them.

Moreover, electrolysis, the process which is behind the splitting of H2O into oxygen and hydrogen, reduces the chance of an issue.

But, still hydrogen gas is less popular than the other energy sources mentioned in the article. Research continues to alter it into a more cost-effective and efficient form of energy.

Wave Energy

Wave energy or hydro energy is one of the highest commercially developed forms of renewable energy.

Building a barrier, reservoir, or dam can be helpful in creating a more controlled flow of water which will be responsible for driving the turbine and generating electricity.

Wave energy is way more reliable than other forms of renewable energy like wind power or solar power.

This factor also helps in storing electricity when demand is pretty high. Just like wind energy, hydro energy can be considered a pretty commercial source of energy. This also varies according to the type and the other energy sources used.

You will have to check the type of property for it to be used as a domestic or off-grid generation.

Wrapping Up

All the information you need on alternative energy or renewable energy is given in this article.

All these types of energies have their own set of pros and cons that wholly depend on your requirements and global demand.

Do your bit to bring in the change to save our planet.