Do you have a solar panel to generate electricity at your home? Or are you a big fan of that solar-powered calculator? Well, either way, you have to thank the solar industry for blessing us all with its miracles! More so, for the renewable energy it provides!

As technology is moving forward, how could the photovoltaic effect based solar cells be behind?

And with that thought came the Organic cells. This article will run you through all the essential information regarding these new solar cells and what you must know if you plan to use them.

What Is an Organic Solar Cell?

An organic solar cell or Photovoltaic cell is the third generation of popular solar cell technology. They are pretty solid absorbent of solar energy and can harness huge amounts of sunlight compared to other solar cells.

Solar Panel Close UpOrganic photovoltaics or plastic solar cells are the future of solar technology, and with their wonderful qualities, you can use solar power almost anywhere!

These organic cells or plastic solar cells are a type of polymer solar cells that utilize organic material electronics for their functioning. Organic electronics is a stream of electronics responsible for the conductive organic polymers or the tiny organic molecules. These molecules are responsible for light absorption and the transport of charge to produce electricity using sunlight.

These cells convert the solar energy into the form of electrical energy way more efficiently than the previous cells, like silicon solar cells present in the common solar panels.

What Is the Structure of An Organic Cell?

Organic cells are high voltage cells that have a pretty similar structure to crystalline silicon based solar cells. The main difference between these two cells is the presence of a conducting layer. Rather than the crystalline silicon, organic cells would have carbon-based compounds like small organic molecules, which are printed through a very thin layer in the plastic backing.

Advantages of Organic Photovoltaic Cells

A polymer solar cell has many benefits that make them the catch they truly are! They are very lightweight, have a big area coverage, and have low-cost manufacturing. The OPVs are very thin filmed solar cells that store insane amounts of energy. This Organic solar cell technology is leading the research and development phase of the solar industry, and a lot more is waiting to be unfolded!

An organic photovoltaic cell has flexible solar modules and can be conveniently fabricated with roll-to-roll production. This process is very cost-efficient in comparison to the conventional means of manufacturing solar cells.

Moreover, this new solar technology produces portable electronic devices that can be easily recharged on the go even in low lighting, and partial shading hit solar panels.

The organic cell generates a very high voltage which is enough to recharge a lithium-ion battery straight up. You would not even need to connect multiple individual cells in a series.

Unlike silicon solar cells, these organic cells work extremely well in varied light conditions. Especially in those locations where the sunlight is pretty low. This quality particularly makes it a win for consumer electronic devices.

Although these solar cells are only in the test phase, the promising results of this solar power product will surely bring them to the market.

Top Benefits of Plastic Solar Cells

  • Low weight and high flexibility of their PV modules
  • The OPV consists of a semi-transparent characteristic
  • It is convenient to integrate these solar cells in products and solar panels
  • Due to the design feature like flexible solar modules, these solar cells are creating new market opportunities
  • The manufacturing cost is very low when compared to previous solar cells
  • These cells can be created in a continuous process with the help of printing tools
  • OPV cells have very less harmful impacts on the environment. They also have a short energy payback time!

Disadvantages of Organic Solar Cell

If you want the organic solar cell to perform better than the silicon based solar cells, both the donor and acceptor materials in the cell must have decent extinction coefficients.

This means the array of measures that are responsible for the light absorption in a certain medium. Moreover, the OPV should also have a good film structure and high stability.

Even though organic photovoltaics have a pretty high efficiency than silicon solar cells, the operational lifetime is not pretty long.

The OPV cells are still in the developmental stage, and so, processing methods various new materials along device architectures need to be checked and monitored if the shelf life has to be improved!

Price of Organic Cells

Solar cells are being widely used by many households and businesses around the world.

House Solar PanelsThe fact that the technology is relatively new is the reason behind the high price of solar cells. The main raw material in these solar cells is crystalline silicon. This element provides efficiency of about 10 percent in solar panels.

When you include the installation cost, support for the solar panels, DC to AC converters, and wiring, the solar cell price reaches a high value. Along with these facts, the ideal life of a solar panel is 30 years, so you should also add the cost of a new installation in the mix.

Organic cells are the next evolutionary step in terms of making solar technology affordable and accessible to a larger quantity of people. Although the organic solar cell technology is new, the cost of manufacturing will range from 30 euros to 90 euros per meter square.

Recent Organic Cells News

Organic power has been traditionally lower tolerant to environmental factors such as moisture, sunlight, and oxygen exposure have a serious negative effect on these organic cells.

Especially when comparing them to the traditional crystalline cells.

As a ray of light, a team of engineers in 2019 created a solution to the degradation issues faced by organic cells.

They worked on removing a molecule named Phenyl-C 61-butyric acid methyl ester or the PCBM from the highest layer of organic cells. Due to this change, water and oxygen are not able to harm the organic cells as much.

With these breakthroughs, the organic cells will experience new advancements in their new and real products. Along with these technical improvements, continuous testing and implementation will help organic photovoltaic technology to become better than traditional crystalline technology.

Three main universities, the University of Florida, University of Michigan, and Princeton University, are conducting rigorous research with a special focus on elevating the lifetime and organic power conversion efficiencies of these solar cells.

According to recent research by the Department of Energy, solar cells have efficiencies that go well beyond 10 percent. Many other researchers have found this number to be even higher in controlled situations.

Most of the highly efficient crystalline silicon solar panels have efficiencies greater than 22 percent. Isn’t that amazing?

But, OPVs still have a lot of work to do before they can properly compete and win over silicon cells in respect of efficiency.

Wrapping Up

So, that’s a wrap for today, people! OPVs might seem like a renewable energy dream, but before you know it, they will become a reality. They are already in an advanced testing state, and with continued excellence and efficiency, they will be out on market shelves, ready for solar installation in no time.

Moreover, if you are currently interested in buying highly efficient solar energy products or panels, you can look for highly positive reviewed options on the internet and purchase them.